Early Childhood Education
Lincoln logs are some of the most well developed teaching instruments that can be used to promote learning among pre-scholars. The activity for the students will include asking the children to work with a partner to build a log cabin that closely how the school looks like.
The children will then decorate the log cabin with all materials they can find such as modeling clay. This is a unique activity because it not only asks the children to simply build a log cabin but to integrate their observational skills to develop the cabin.
The skills gained from this activity involves observational skills and social skills as the children have to work with a partner to construct the cabin with each member actively contributing to the construction of the cabin. Assignment Help states that the ability of the students to observe and implement what they see around them and apply it to the construction is an important skill to be developed. The ability to take an image from their minds and apply it is an important skill to develop.
The Montessori Method
The Montessori method involves is defined as a child-centered educational approach which involves interaction, discovery, and exploration to promote learning. Using the Montessori approach the children in the class will be provided with a selection of toys and instructional material that can be used for building such as modelling clay, building blocks, Lincoln Logs and Legos.
The children will select their choice of materials and use it to develop a building that resembles their house at home. The children will be asked to draw their house and then construct it based on the drawing. The key difference between these two activities is that the Montessori approach is more detailed and engaging as provides alternative learning materials as compared to the first activity.
The development of children falls under various categories, and the tasks of educators are to develop the whole child not just their academic achievement but also their social, cognitive, language or bio social development.
Educators must, therefore, develop age appropriate practices which develop these development capabilities. Language and cognitive development are very important in children. One of the learning activities includes a drawing, show and tale activity.The children will be asked to read their favorite book and draw the character they like the most, and after that, they will present in front of the others by speaking to their peers about their drawing and why they chose that specific characters.
The children can develop their cognition by learning how to analyze and determine the best characters to their prospection while develop their language skills by speaking in front of the class. The second activity that will be used to enhance language development and learning includes reading and developing questions.
The children will be asked to select any book of interest and read it a chapter from that book to their peers. After the reading session, the other students will take turns raising questions about what they have not understood from the book.
All student will read one chapter of the book, get to be asked questions and solve the problems faced by their peers. This learning activity helps the children to develop their speaking skills by reading out aloud and thinking about the content they have read by being challenged by questions. For instance, a child can choose a book such as Cinderella, read it to the class and answer questions such as “why the step-mother was being unfair to Cinderella.”
As an early childhood educator, it is important to understand the diversity of the students in the class and developing instructional activities that specifically address different students. Learners may experience differences such as physical disability, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, delayed speech or gifted.
When promoting reading or writing skills, it is important to develop activities suitable to develop those skills in different children. For the gifted student’s activities such as reading and rewriting the ending of a book the children have read would be an excellent activity which would help the student to develop their reading and comprehension skills while enhancing their writing skills.
Students with ADHD
When addressing students with ADHD, it is important to structure the reading and writing activities that can entertain and engage these students as confirmed in study made by Homework Help. For such students, it is important to integrate their interests in the selection of reading activities.
In this case, the educators can provide the children with books containing pictures and other graphics for which they can read while answering questions asked within the graphics provided. Such students are more engaged by the graphical nature of the books than when confronted with books that offer no visual simulation. They can also watch a silent movie with subtitles and then write what they have seen.
For children with physical disabilities such as limited hand abilities the activity implemented include providing tablets with digital reading materials so that it can be easier to move from page to page and the writing process can also be conducted using the tablet as the child can type what they have read.
For children with speech delays the activity includes the teacher reading the story with the child at least twice before letting the child read it on their own as they have gained greater understanding of the content, write-pair-share activities are also critical for helping children with delayed speech write content learned while paired with a classmate and share what they have written with each other.
|Cause||Guidance Technique||Appropriate Solution||Reason|
|Mealtime Fight||The child already feels full and does not want to finish the meal||Guiding the child during meal times||Put food that the child can complete without wasting what is left||Children have small stomachs and therefore feel full quickly and do not appreciate being coerced to finish when they are already full|
|Temper Tantrum||The need for attention||Providing necessary attention||Providing positive that is praising the child and spending more time with them||The child lack attention and providing attention only when he throws a tantrum is negative attention therefore is important to provide positive attention when it is appropriate and not during tantrums|
|“Mommy, don’t go!”||The child suffers from separation anxiety||Addressing the separation anxiety children feel when left alone||Sit down with the child and talk to her about the fun activities in school as well as friends and identifying that her mother would be waiting for her at the end of the day||The child feels separated from someone who cares and therefore encouraging them and showing them the positive side of school and all the friend and individuals who are there for them would help to dispel the fear they feel|
|Bully||The child wants to ascertain her authority at school and need for attention which are factors not provided at home||Social realignment technique||Talk to the child about how her bullying affects other students and why it is important to have positive relationship with others||The child wants to make friends but does not know how to do this and therefore acts out to get attention from the rests while struggling with the insecurity of being the largest child in class.|
Also Read: Work from Home Jobs in 2020